Zinātniskā darba virzieni
Smart Cyber-Physical Systems
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) refer to the next generation embedded ICT systems that are interconnected and collaborating including through the Internet of things, and providing people and businesses with a wide range of innovative applications and services. Research will cover the following themes:
Internet of Things and Platforms for Connected Smart Objects
The evolution of the Internet of Things embedded in Smart Environments and Platforms forming a web of "everythings" has been identified as one of the next big concepts to support societal changes and economic growth. The biggest challenge will be to overcome the fragmentation of the vertically-oriented closed systems, architectures and application areas and move towards the open systems and platforms that support multiple applications. This topic will be developed across several ICT challenges (smart systems integration, cyber-physical systems, smart networks, big data) and bring together different generic ICT technologies (electronics, wireless networks, low-power computing, adaptive and cognitive systems) across multiple application domains (e.g. energy, intelligent transport systems, environmental monitoring and logistics).
Smart automation and robotics are simply vital for maintaining manufacturing and associated services. Robots are increasingly endowed with learning and adaptive capabilities that will have a broad impact on all future ICT systems in a wide range of products and services. Robotics is very broad, both in terms of technologies and disciplines it involves. Research will cover multi-disciplinary and innovation activities like technology transfer via use-cases and industry-academia cross fertilisation mechanisms. Pre-Commercial Procurement will further enable prototype development and stimulate deployment of industrial and service robotics. It will be essential for the deployment of robots to establish systems development processes (from requirement analysis to testing and validation) and to develop techniques and technologies for system design, engineering, architecture, integration, system of systems, modelling and knowledge engineering which are applicable across market domains.
The fast evolution of ICT technology together with the uses that are made of it are exponentially introducing new threats, vulnerabilities and risks. There is a growing consensus that the state-of-the-art approach to secure ICT is becoming obsolete. The challenge is to find solutions guaranteeing end-to-end security that withstands progress for the lifespan of the application it supports, regardless of improvements in attacker hardware or computational capabilities. The main research actions will cover the following themes:
The activities under this topic contribute to the Big Data challenge by addressing the fundamental research problems related to the scalability and responsiveness of analytics capabilities (such as data mining and visualization). Special focus is on industry-validated, user-defined challenges like predictions, and rigorous processes for monitoring and measurement. Research will cover the following themes:
Virtual Reality Applications
Virtual Reality, which can be referred to as immersive multimedia or computer-simulated life, replicates an environment that simulates physical presence in places in the real world or imagined worlds and lets the user interact with that world. Virtual reality artificially creates sensory experiences, which can include sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. Research will cover the following themes:
Aviation is vital for our society and economy. It provides mobility to citizens and freight, amongst the regions of Europe and beyond. Research will cover the following themes:
Intelligent Transport Systems
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) provide the key to achieving the vision of seamless transport both in passenger and in goods transport markets on the base of ICT use. Research will cover the following themes:
Transport Simulation and Modelling
The wide range of transport modelling application is connected with the movement of passenger transport, urban traffic analyzing, strategic freight-network planning, etc. The transport modelling complexity is defined by the huge amount of users and stochastic processes in the transport systems. Research will cover the following themes:
Freight transport logistics is an industry sector responsible for managing the flows of goods and information between a point of production and a point of sale or use in order to meet the requirements of clients and consumers. Logistics focuses on the planning, organisation, management, control and execution of freight transport operations. In a logistics sector with highly increased collaboration, intermodal and dynamic re-routing of freight, there is a need to exploit ICT advances such as Internet-of-Things, big data, new satellite navigation infrastructure and Intelligent Transport Systems with changes in business needs. Research will cover the following themes:
Planning and data
Dynamic routing and business models
Interoperability and everything connected
Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar
Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a safe, advanced, non-destructive and non-invasive imaging technique that can be effectively used for inspection of composite structures and diagnostics affecting the whole life-cycle of civil engineering and transport infrastructure (SETI) works. GPR provides high resolution images of subsurface and structures through wide-band electromagnetic waves. It is quick and inexpensive in comparison to other investigation methods and is capable of probing down to a few tens of meters, depending on the system characteristics and on ground conditions. Research will cover the following themes:
Smart City and Urban Mobility
Many innovative solutions for sustainable urban mobility have been or are being developed in a variety of social, economic and geographical contexts. The research will address the following domains:
The development and integration of robust and fit-for-purpose digital technologies for learning are crucial to boost the market for and innovation in educational technologies. This requires an industry-led approach in close cooperation with academia to defining the frameworks and interoperability requirements for the building blocks of a digital ecosystem for learning (including informal learning) that develops and integrates tools and systems that apply e.g. adaptive learning, augmented cognition technologies, affective learning, micro learning, game-based learning and/or virtual environments/virtual worlds to real-life learning situations. Research activities will focus on the innovative technologies for learning, on the underpinning interoperability standards and on the integration of different components into smart learning environments. They should combine different technologies (e.g. mobile, augmented reality, natural interaction technologies, simulation, games) and support composing, re-using and distributing interactive educational content and services, with assessment and feedback functionalities.
Content technologies and information management
Research and Innovation activities in this challenge will provide professionals with new tools to model, analyse, and visualize vast amounts of data from which to extract more value, to make an intelligent use of data coming from different sources and to create, access, exploit, and re-use all forms of digital content.
Information Technologies for Enterprises
ICT tools and technological innovation are fundamental for the creative industries and their competitiveness. They widen creative possibilities and improve efficiency in all sectors. Competitiveness of enterprises can be stimulated by the development of ICT applications oriented on real SMEs demand, by effectively building up and expanding vibrant individual technological ecosystems for the creative industries' needs and by fostering exchanges between the creative industries SMEs and TTI as provider of ICT innovative solutions. Research activities will support the creative industries SMEs in leveraging emerging ICT technologies (e.g. 3D, augmented reality, advanced user interfaces, visual computing) for the development of innovative products, tools, applications and services with high commercial potential. Research in new technologies and tools will support enterprises in the creative process from the idea conception to production.
Human-centric Digital Age
The research actions will be oriented at the in-depth exploration of the development of fundamental notions such as identity, privacy, relationships, culture, reputation, motivations, responsibility, attention, safety and fairness, in the hyper-connected age where the limits between offline and online are blurred in numerous ways. They will provide new knowledge of the ways by which individuals and communities work, think, learn, behave, and interact in the new hyper-connected environments and of how these new developments affect people's perceptions of self, services, entrepreneurship, and governance.
Business intelligence (BI) is the set of techniques and tools for the transformation of raw data into meaningful and useful information for the business analysis purposes. BI technologies are capable of handling large amounts of the unstructured data to help identify, develop and otherwise create new strategic business opportunities. The research will address the following domains: